Free Trade Area Agreement: Impact To The Fashion Industry And Environmental Protection In Indonesia
The effect of globalization and free trade area agreement leads to the race by fashion companies to produce up to date and hasty apparels and footwear. These products, which are dubbed fast fashion, are commonly inexpensive as well as have high volume and plenteous designs. Furthermore, fast fashion companies may not design and make their clothing to last because they have to satisfy the appetite of the consumptive market era. In addition, the fast fashion industry delivers about 10% of world gas emissions because it needs 700 gallons of water to produce one cotton shirt. Moreover, recent mass production of fast fashion brands uses non-biodegradable materials, like polyester, which is harmful to the environment. This paper employs normative legal research to analyze how the principles of international environmental law can be implemented to protect the environment from pollution resulting from fast fashion waste. It also analyzes how the concept of eco-fashion, which is considered sustainable, can be applied to achieve an eco-friendly fashion industry. The results of the research indicate that the principles of international environmental law are able to protect the environment from fast fashion waste pollution. Also, the concept of eco-fashion should be implemented to ensure an eco-friendly fashion industry and make the environment sustainable by recycling fashion waste, producing clothes with green materials and repurposing old clothes.